Robotic surgery or robot-assisted surgery, allows doctors to perform many complex procedures with more precision, flexibility and control than is possible with conventional techniques. Robotic surgery is usually associated with minimally invasive surgery — procedures performed through tiny incisions. It is also sometimes used in specific traditional open surgical procedures.
About robotic surgery:
The Food and Drug Administration approved robotic surgery with the da Vinci Surgical System in 2000. Hospitals have rapidly adopted the technique in the United States and Europe to treat a wide range of conditions.
The most widely used clinical robotic surgical system includes a camera arm and mechanical arms with surgical instruments attached to them. The surgeon controls the components while seated at a computer console near the operating table. The console gives the surgeon a high-definition, magnified, 3-D view of the surgical site. The surgeon leads other team members who assist during the operation.
Surgeons who use the robotic system find that for many procedures, it enhances precision, flexibility and control during the operation and allows them to better see the site, compared with traditional techniques. Using robotic surgery, surgeons can perform delicate and complex procedures that may have been difficult or impossible with other methods.
Often, robotic surgery makes minimally invasive surgery possible.
The benefits of minimally invasive surgery include:
- Fewer complications, such as surgical site infection
- Less pain and blood loss
- Quicker recovery
- Smaller, less noticeable scars
Robotic surgery involves risk, some of which may be similar to conventional open surgery, such as a small risk of infection and other complications.
Is robotic surgery right for you?
Robotic surgery isn’t an option for everyone. Please talk with your chest surgeon in delhi about the benefits and risks of robotic surgery and how it compares with other techniques, such as different types of minimally invasive surgery and conventional open surgery.
Across India, the extent to which robotic surgery is used varies widely. Its use depends on a variety of factors. These may include physician training, equipment availability and cultural factors, such as what people are most comfortable doing and what other surgeons in the area do.
One study of U.S. hospitals showed that some institutions have a culture that prefers traditional open surgery, while others prefer minimally invasive surgery.